1. You can’t end a sentence with a preposition 不克不及以介词开头

普通情况因该防止以介词开头。但以下四种情况用介词开头却更天然。

主动构造:passive structures

?(she enjoys being fussed over.她爱好被簇拥的感到)

条件从句:relative clauses

?(they must be convinced of the commitment that they are taking on.他们必须明白自己要承当的义务。)

不定式构造infinitive structures

?(Tom had no-one to play with.没有人可以和汤姆一路玩)

Who、where、what打头的问句:questions beginning with who, where, what, etc.

(what music are you interested in?你爱好什么样的音乐?)

2. You can’t start a sentence with a conjunction 不克不及以连词开首

Conjunctions are words such as and, but, so, and if, which are used to connect clauses, sentences, or words. This grammatical superstition arises from the thought that because these words are used to connect separate clauses.The argument against using and or but to introduce a sentence is that such a sentence expresses an incomplete thought (or ‘fragment’) and is therefore incorrect. However, this is a stylistic preference rather than a grammatical rule.

连词包含and、but、so、if等词语,用于连接从句、句子或单词。人们认为这些词是用来连接自力的从句,所以才有了这类缺点不雅点。还有人认为应用and或许but来引出的句子表达的不雅点使不完真给的,所所以不精确的。不过,这只是一个风格可以上下分的电玩软件的偏好,而不是语律例则。

3. Double negatives are always ungrammatical 两重可以上下分的电玩软件否定不符合语律例则

When two negatives are used to communicate a negative, then the usage is ungrammatical. The reason for this is that two negatives actually cancel each other out and create an affirmative statement. For example, the sentence ‘I don’t have nothing for you’is ungrammatical because the presence of two negatives technically switches the meaning to an affirmative one, so that it means ‘I have something for you.’

当两个否定词汇一同应用时,这类用法是不符合语律例则的。缘由是两个否定实际上相互抵消,表达肯定的含义。例如,这句话“I don’t have nothing for you”不符合语法,由于严格意义下去讲这两个否定词汇在一路表达了肯定的含义,表示“我有器械给你”。

Even though the use of double negatives in formal speech and writing is nonstandard, the use of double negatives is common in areas such as informal speech and popular music.

即使在正式演媾和写作中应用两重可以上下分的电玩软件否定是不标准的,但在非正式的演媾和风行音乐等范畴两重可以上下分的电玩软件否定是很经常使用的。

However, there is one use of double negatives that is entirely grammatical. In this use, the double negative is used to express and reinforce an affirmative.

但是,有一个两重可以上下分的电玩软件否定的应用是完全符合语法的。在应用两重可以上下分的电玩软件否定表达肯定或许加强肯定语气的。

I couldn’t not help him. [meaning: I strongly felt I should help him]

我要赞助他。

4. Splitting infinitives is a mistake 不定式不克不及分隔应用

For the uninitiated, splitting infinitives is the practice of placing an adverb between ‘to’and the corresponding verb, as in ‘to lightly tap.’Splitting infinitives is a common peeve of grammar enthusiasts, but like many such peeves it has been employed by well-regarded English prose stylists for centuries. However, take care before splitting those infinitives; many style guides and professors would still consider this a stylistic error.

对门外汉来讲,决裂不定式是在to和以后的动词之间放置一个副词,如“to lightly tap(轻拍)”。决裂不定式对语法爱好者而言是个罕见的让人忧?的成绩。然则有很多有名的英文散文家爱好应用决裂不定式的写作方法。不过,要当心应用决裂不定式,依然有文体书和专家认为这是文体缺点。

例如:

She used to secretly admire him.
她曾经偷偷爱慕他。

You have to really watch him.
你必须真得看着他。

Those who believe that split infinitives are grammatically incorrect would rewrite these sentences as:

认为决裂不定式不符合语律例范的人会主意如许改写下面的句子:

She used secretly to admire him.
她曾经偷偷爱慕他。

You really have to watch him.
你必须真得看着他。

5. You can’t start a sentence with hopefully ?hopefully不克不及作为句子开首

This use of hopefully to mean ‘it is hoped’rather than the adverbial ‘in a hopeful manner’has been disputed in the past several years, though it has found its way into general acceptance.

hopefully这个词的意思是“有欲望地”,而不是状语“以一种充斥欲望的方法”。在之前的几年里,这类用法固然曾经被广泛捕鱼电玩上下分接收但一向有争议的。

Hopefully and thankfully can’t be reworded along the lines of other sentence adverbs, using the constructions ‘it is hopeful that’or ‘it is thankful that’:

Hopefully 和thankfully和其他句子副词不合,可以应用‘it is hopeful that’ 或许‘it is thankful that’的构造

Hopefully, planning delays will be minimal.

欲望比赛尽能够不被推延。

It is hopeful that planning delays will be minimal.

欲望比赛尽能够不被推延。

也能够如许改写:

It is to be hoped that planning delays will be minimal.

欲望比赛尽能够不被推延。

?

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