Yamaha has grown to become the world's largest manufacturer of musical instruments (including pianos, "silent" pianos, drums, guitars, brass instruments, woodwinds, violins, violas, celli, and vibraphones), as well as a leading manufacturer of semiconductors, audio/visual, computer related products, sporting goods, home appliances, specialty metals and industrial robots.
Yamaha Corporation was established in 1887 as a piano and reed organ manufacturer by Torakusu Yamaha in Hamamatsu, Shizuoka prefecture and was incorporated on October 12, 1897. The company's origins as a musical instrument manufacturer are still reflected today in the group's logo—a trio of interlocking tuning forks.
After World War II, company president Genichi Kawakami repurposed the remains of the company's war-time production machinery and the company's expertise in metallurgical technologies to the manufacture of motorcycles. The YA-1 (AKA Akatombo, the "Red Dragonfly"), of which 125 were built in the first year of production (1954), was named in honour of the founder. It was a 125cc, single cylinder, two-stroke, street bike patterned after the German DKW RT125 (which the British munitions firm, BSA, had also copied in the post-war era and manufactured as the Bantam and Harley-Davidson as the Hummer). In 1955, the success of the YA-1 resulted in the founding of Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd., splitting the motorcycle division from the company.
第二次世界大战后，总裁川上健一（Genichi Kawakami）将战时公司机械临盆的残骸和在冶金技巧方面的专业知识重新用于摩托车制造。YA-1（别名Akatombo，简称“红蜻蜓”）在创建的第一年（1954年）就被建造了125架，以其开创人的名字命名。这是一辆模仿德国DKW RT125（战后时代，英国军器公司BSA也仿造过这款车，并临盆出走跑和哈雷悍马）的125 cc单缸二冲程的街车。1955年，YA-1的成功推动了了雅马哈摩托车有限公司的成立，标记住其摩托车部分从公司伶仃拆分出来。
Also, in 1954 the Yamaha Music School was founded.
Yamaha made the first commercially successful digital synthesizer, the Yamaha DX7, in 1983.
In 1988, Yamaha shipped the world's first CD recorder. Yamaha purchased Sequential Circuits in 1988. It bought a majority stake (51%) of competitor Korg in 1987, which was bought out by Korg in 1993.
1988年，雅马哈推出了世界上第一台 CD 刻录机，在1988年收买了时序电路。 它还在1987年收买了竞争敌手 Korg 的多半股权（51%），但Korg在1993年赎回了股权。
In the late 1990s, Yamaha released a series of portable battery operated keyboards under the PSS and the PSR range of keyboards. The Yamaha PSS-14 and PSS-15 keyboards were upgrades to the Yamaha PSS-7 and were notable for their short demo songs, short selectable phrases, funny sound effects and distortion and crackly sounds progressing on many volume levels when battery power is low.
在20世纪90年代末，雅马哈推出了一系列便携式电池操作下的 PSS 和 PSR 范围的键盘。雅马哈 PSS-14和 PSS-15键盘是对 PSS-7的升级，以其冗杂可以上下分的电玩软件的演示歌曲和可选操作、风趣的声响后果和电池电量低时收回的爆裂声响而著称。
In 2002, Yamaha closed down its archery product business that was started in 1959. Six archers in five different Olympic Games won gold medals using their products.It acquired German audio software manufacturer Steinberg in January 2005, from Pinnacle Systems.
2002年，雅马哈撤消了始于1959年的射箭产品营业。五届奥运会的六名射箭活动员应用他们的产品博得了金牌。它在2005年1月从 Pinnacle 体系公司收买了德国音频软件制造商 Steinberg。
In July, 2007, Yamaha bought out the minority shareholding of the Kemble family in Yamaha-Kemble Music (UK) Ltd, Yamaha's UK import and musical instrument and professional audio equipment sales arm, the company being renamed Yamaha Music U.K. Ltd in autumn 2007. Kemble & Co. Ltd, the UK piano sales & manufacturing arm was unaffected.
On December 20, 2007, Yamaha made an agreement with the Austrian Bank BAWAG P.S.K. Group BAWAG to purchase all the shares of B?sendorfer, intended to take place in early 2008. Yamaha intends to continue manufacturing at the B?sendorfer facilities in Austria. The acquisition of B?sendorfer was announced after the NAMM Show in Los Angeles, on January 28, 2008. As of February 1, 2008, B?sendorfer Klavierfabrik GmbH operates as a subsidiary of Yamaha Corp.
Yamaha Corporation is also widely known for their music teaching programme that began in the 1950s.
Yamaha electronics have proven to be successful, popular and respected products. For example, the Yamaha YPG-625 was awarded "Keyboard of the Year" and "Product of the Year" in 2007 from The Music and Sound Retailer magazine. Other noteworthy Yamaha electronics include the SHS-10 Keytar, a consumer-priced keytar which offered MIDI output features normally found on much more expensive keyboards.