一.虚拟语气

虚拟语气表示措辞人的主不雅欲望、猜忌、建议或与现实不符的假定等,而不表示客不雅存在的现实。虚拟语气是由句中的谓语动词的特别情势表示出来的。

虚拟语气重要分为与现在现实相反,与之前现实相反和与将来现实相反三个种类。让我们逐一来看下它们的构造和用法吧!

1、表示与现在现实相反的情况

从句:If+主语+动词普通之前时(Be动词用were)

主句:主语+ should/would/might/could+do:

If I were you,I would take an umbrella.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件我是你,我会带把伞。(现实:我弗成能是你)

If I knew his telephone number,I would tell you.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件我知道他的德律风捕鱼电玩上下分号码,我就会告诉你。(现实:不知道)

If there were no air or water,there would be no living things on the earth.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件没有水和空气,地球上就不会有生物。(现实:地球上既有空气也有水)

If I had any money with me,I could lend you some.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件我带钱了,我就会借给你些。(现实:没有带钱)

If he studied harder,he might pass the exam.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件他再尽力些,就可以经过过程测验了。(现实:没有尽力)

If I were you, I'd wear a shirt and tie.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件我是你,我就会穿衬衫和领带。(现实:我其实不是你)

2、表示与之前现实相反的情况

从句:If+主语+had+done

主句:主语+should/would/might/could+have done

eg:If I had got there earlier,I should/would have met her.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件我早到那儿,我就会见到她。(现实:去晚了)

If he had taken my advice,he would not have made such a mistake.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件他听我的奉劝的话,就不会犯如许的缺点了。
(现实:没有听我的话)

3、表示与将来现实相反

从句:①if+主语+were to do

②if+主语+should+do

③if+主语+动词普通之前式(be动词用were)

主句:主语+should/would/might/could+do

eg:If he should come here tomorrow,I would talk to him.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件他明天来这儿的话,我就跟他谈谈。(现实:来的能够性很小,弗成能)

If there were a heavy snow next Sunday,we would go skating.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件下周日下大雪,我们就去滑冰。(现实:下雪能够性很小,弗成能)

If she were to be here next Monday,I would tell her about the matter.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件她下周一来这儿的话,我就会告诉她这件事的始末。(现实:来的能够性很小,弗成能)

除以上三种重要情况,虚拟语气还有以下几种构造和用法哦。

1、 当从句的谓语动词含有were,should,had时,if可以省略,这时候从句要用倒装语序,即把were,should,had等词置于句首,这类多用于口语。

eg:Should he agree to go there,we would send him there.
如果他准予去的话,我们就派他去了。

Were she here,she would agree with us.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件她在这儿的话,她会赞成我们的。

Had he learnt about computers,we would have hired him to work here.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件他懂一些电脑知识的话,我们曾经聘请他来这里任务了。

2、非真实条件句中的条件从句有时不表达出来,只暗含在副词、介词短语、上下文或其他方法表示出来,这类句子叫做委宛条件句,在多半情况下,条件会暗含在短语中,如without…,but for…(要不是由于...)等

eg:

But for his help,we would be working now.
要不是他的赞助,我们还会在任务呢。

Without your instruction,I would not have made such great progress.
如果没有你的指导捕鱼电玩上下分,我不会取得如此大的进步。

We didn't know his telephone number,otherwise we would have telephoned him.
我们不知道他的德律风捕鱼电玩上下分号码,不然我们就会给他打德律风捕鱼电玩上下分。

3、 有时,虚拟条件语气的从句中,主、从句可以省略个中的一个,来表示措辞人的一种激烈的情感。

①省略从句

He would have finished it.
他本该完成了。

You could have passed this exam.
你天性经过过程此次测验的。

②省略主句

If I were at home now.
如果我现在在家里该多好啊。

If only I had got it.
我如果取得它了该多好啊。

4.留意,在虚拟语气的从句中,动词be的之前时态一概用were,不消was。

If I were you,I would go to look for him.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件我是你,就会去找他。

二.倒装句

在英语中,主语和谓语是句子的核心捕鱼电玩上下分,它们之间有两种语序:一是主语在谓语之前称为天然语序(Natural Order);二是主语在谓语以后则称为倒装语序(Inverted Order)。而倒装语序中又有完全倒装(Full Inversion)和部分倒装(Partial Inversion)

1.完全倒装(Full Inversion):又称"全部倒装",是指将句子中的谓语全部置于主语之前。此构造平日只用于普通现在时和普通之前时。

①谓语+主语+……
There be(的各类情势)+主语(+地点或时间状语)
例子:

There was a drop in the temperature.
温度降低了。

There are birds singing in the tree.
鸟儿在树上唱歌。

②副词+谓语动词+名词主语+……
例子:

Out rushed a young lady.
一个年青的密斯冲了出来。

③之前分词或现在分词+be动词的各类情势+主语+……
例子:

Scattered on the floor were several books and magazines.
几本书和杂志散落在地板上。

2.部分倒装(Partial Inversion)(又称半倒装句):指将谓语的一部分如助动词或神态动词倒装至主语之前,而谓语动词无变更。假设可以上下分的电玩软件句中的谓语没有助动词或神态动词,则需添加助动词do,does或did,并将其置于主语之前。
例如:

Nor did he let the disease stop him from living the kind of life he has always dreamt about.
疾病没有使他放弃过上妄图中的生活。

部分倒装也有以下几种罕见类型:

1.?? ?以否定词开首的句子请求部分倒装。留意以下句子中助动词或神态动词提早、乃至弥补贴动词的用法:
例:

Not until yesterday did little John change his mind.
小约翰直到昨天赋改变了主意。

2.以否定副词开首并加状语放在句首的句子请求部分倒装。这些否定副词有barely, hardly, little, seldom, scarcely…… when, never, no sooner…… than, rarely, no more, not nearly, not only等和only。
例:

Only in the country can you learn the “true English”.
只要处在本国,你才能学到“真实的英语。”

3.介词+no+名词的构造中须要用部分倒装,这些构造包含at no time; by no means; by no manner of means; for no reason; in no case; in/under no circumstances; in no sense; in no way; on no account; on no consideration; at no point
例:

Under no circumstances should you lend Paul any money.
不管若何,你都应当把钱借给保罗。

4. 由as引导的部分倒装句:
a) 当as作为比较意义时,即用于as + adj./ adv. + as构造中时,假设可以上下分的电玩软件把第一个as省略掉落,就构成部分倒装句。
例:

Cautious as the rest of her family (was) , she didn't seem willing to give an immediate reply to my question.
正如她家里人一样谨慎当心,她仿佛不肯意急速答复我的成绩。

She charged the stairs, quick as a rabbit (ran).
她跑上楼去,跑得象兔子那么快!

b) 当 as引导让步状语时,和although, though一样,当用作“虽然”之义时,可以用于部分倒装句。

Hard as he worked, he did not pass the exam.
固然他很用功,但他照样没合格。

c) 表示缘由时,为了强调起见,也能够倒装。
例:

Tired as he was, we decided not to disturb him.
由于他太累了,我们决定不打搅他。

d) 等于so时,意义是“也,也是”
例:

She worked hard, so/ as did her husband.
她任务很尽力,她的丈夫任务也很尽力。

三.自力主格

自力主格,起首它是一个“格”,而不是一个“句子”,在英语中任何一个句子都要有主谓构造,而在这个构造中,没有真实的主语和谓语动词,但又在逻辑上构成主谓或主表关系。

自力主格构造不是主谓完全的简单句,而只是一个短语。

其公式为:名词/名词短语/代词+不定式/ing分词/ed分词/描述词/副词/介词短语。名词前也能够加with。

自力主格构造重要用于描述性文字中,其感化相当于一个状语从句,经常使用来表示时间、缘由、条件、行动方法或伴随情况等。例如:

1) 表示时间

The meeting being over, all of us went home.
开完会后我们都回家了。
the meeting being over相当于when the meeting was over

Her work done, she sat down for a cup of tea.
她干完了活,坐上去喝茶。
her work done相当于when her work was done

2) 表示条件

The condition being favorable, he may succeed.
若条件有益,他或许捕鱼电玩上下分能成功。
the condition being favorable相当于If the condition is favorable

3) 表示缘由

There being no taxis, we had to walk.
没有出租车,我们只好步行。
There being no taxis相当于Since there was no taxis,

He wrapped her up with great care, the night being dark and frosty.
夜又黑又冷,所以他把她裹得结结实实的。
the night being dark and frosty相当于as the night was dark and frosty

4) 表示伴随情况

Almost all metals are good conductors, silver being the best of all.
简直所有的金属都是良导体,而银则是最好的导体。
(=Almost all metals are good conductors, and silver is the best of all.)

5) 表示弥补解释

We redoubled our efforts, each man working like two.
我们加倍尽力,一小我干两小我的活。

自力主格有以下罕见的七个类型:

类型1:名词(代词)+现在分词

We shall play the match tomorrow, weather permitting.
明天假定气象好,我们就停止比赛。

The monitor being ill, we’d better put the meeting off.
班长病了,我们最好照样延期休会吧。

类型2:名词(代词)+之前分词

The job finished, we went home.
任务停止后我们就回家了。

The last bus gone, we had to walk home.
最后可以上下分的电玩软件一班公车曾经走了,我们必须走路回家。

More time given, we should have done the job much better.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件给我们更多的时间,我们会把任务做得更好。

类型3:名词(代词)+不定式

Nobody to come tomorrow, we will have to put off the meeting till next week.
假设可以上下分的电玩软件明天没有人来,我们将把会议推延到下周。

So many people to help him, he is sure to succeed.
有如此多的人来赞助他,他必定会成功的。

类型4:名词(代词)+介词短语

The soldiers dashed in, rifle in hand.
兵士们端着枪冲了出去。

A girl came in, book in hand.
一个少女出去了,手里拿着书。

He was waiting, his eyes on her back.
他在等着,眼睛望着她的背影。

类型5:名词(代词)+描述词或副词

He sat in the front row, his mouth half open.
他坐在前排,嘴半开着。

She sat at the table, collar off, head down, and pen in position, ready to begin the long letter.
她坐在桌前,衣领已解掉落,头低了上去,拿好钢笔,预备开端写一封长信。

类型6:There being +名词(代词)

There being nothing else to do, we went home.
没有其他事可做,我们就回家了。

There being no further business, I declare the meeting closed.
没有再要评论辩论的事了,我宣布可以上下分的电玩软件休会。

类型7:It being +名词(代词)

It being Christmas, the government offices were closed.
由于圣诞节的原因,当局捕鱼电玩上下分机关都歇息。

It being a holiday, all the shops were shut.
由于明天是假日,所有市廛都关门了。